Things change: your perspective, your appetite for risk, and even your investment criteria. Sometimes the best thing you can do is move forward, and that can mean selling an investment property. When this time comes, you will have to pay off any existing liens before transferring title. For many investors, the biggest lien is their commercial mortgage. But just as you would do your research and preparation for the purchase of a property, you must also prepare to sell a property. That starts with organizing the paperwork.
Are there any prepayment penalties that could cost you at closing? Do you have operating statements and rent rolls ready? Is the property in a condition fit to finance? Let’s take a closer look at potential hurdles to limit surprises.
Review your current loan documents for prepayment penalty language, typically found as part of the promissory note. Many commercial mortgages have prepayment provisions that last for most, if not all, of the fixed rate period. Some have easy to understand step-down language (e.g., 5% year one, 4%, year two, and so on). Others have complicated yield maintenance language that requires expertise to understand. Larger loans financed through Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities (CMBS) will have defeasance requirements that can be expensive to satisfy. The prepayment cost may be so great as to discourage you from selling the property at all. Imagine learning this after you’ve signed a contract to sell the property. Naturally, you want to avoid being committed to pay your lender a large fee just to pay off your loan in order to sell your property. Get ahead of this by reviewing your existing loan documents for any prepayment provisions. Then confirm your understanding with your lender in writing that way you aren’t surprised by anything in their escrow demand.
Property Financial Documents
Smart investors perform due diligence to understand what they are buying, including understanding how the property performed over the past few years. This means most buyers will ask the seller for historical operating statements for the past two to three years. In addition, buyers want to know about the current tenants which means they’ll ask the seller for a current rent roll. Even if your buyer doesn’t ask for these documents for their due diligence, the lender financing their purchase of your property will require that the buyer provide them. If you aren’t prepared to provide these documents, you will delay the financing process and ultimately the close of your sale. Before listing your property, generate 12-month trailing operating statements for the past three years and a current rent roll. Many lenders will also look for year-to-date operating statements if we’re more than three months into the next year. Having these documents ready will make it easier to list your property and close the sale.
Most sellers understand how important property condition is to maximize the market price of their property. Even if your property is functionally sound it might look a little dated and tired. A new paint job and upgraded landscaping go a long way to giving your property stronger curb appeal. Not only does this increase the value of your property but it makes it easier to finance for the buyer, which means a faster closing for you. After addressing the appearance, you will also want to address functional items. Some owners defer maintenance or ignore key things like smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors in their units. As of 2019, California state law requires water conserving fixtures in apartments. If these items aren’t addressed, it will delay closing and it could negatively affect your price. Remember, that most buyers are financing their apartment purchase. As such, not only do you have to satisfy the buyer that the property is in good condition but also the lender (who is usually pickier). The average lender will scrutinize things like GFCI outlets, smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, railings, and other health and safety items. Most lenders will require that you address these items before funding the loan and allowing your sale to close.
Maximize your property value and the ease of sale by cleaning up the property and getting the operating statements ready. Then review your loan documents for any prepayment provisions so you aren’t surprised by the cost of selling your property. These few steps will save you a headache when you go to sell your property and move on to the next investment for your portfolio.
Nick Schoch is a landlord and an independent loan advisor and commercial mortgage broker specializing in 5+ unit apartments. Nick’s Apartment Loan Handbook is available for free along with calculators and tools at his website: nickschoch.com. If you have questions about this article or financing an existing property or purchase, you can contact Nick at firstname.lastname@example.org or call/text (760) 201-6758. DRE 01999411